Do you know the Welsh Corgi Cardigan? It is part of the group of shepherd and cattle dogs, a direct descendant of other dog breeds of Welsh origin selected to guard the flocks. Let’s discover its distinctive features.
Welsh Corgi Cardigan : Origin
The Welsh Corgi Cardigan is a dog breed of uncertain origins. Many claim that the breed comes from England imported by Flemish weavers. Others, however, believe that it is an indigenous dog breed that initially spread in Wales .
Certainly, this dog was used to watch over herding and courtyard animals, which is why it became widespread on farms scattered throughout the Welsh lands between the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries .
At the turn of that historical period, in fact, Wales became one of the main producers of meat in the United Kingdom and supplied the main English cities. Immediately after its diffusion, the Welsh Corgi distinguished itself in two related varieties : the oldest was the Welsh Corgi Pembroke , while the Cardigan is a more recent selection.
In the twentieth century this dog stopped performing the mere function of guardian of the herds and began to be used as a companion dog in English courts.
It was even Queen Elizabeth II herself who welcomed him to court for the first time as a parlor animal. A little later, in 1934, the prestigious Kennel Club officially established that the Cardigan and the Pembroke were to be considered two distinct breeds.
Welsh Corgi Cardigan : Appearance
The Welsh Corgi Cardigan is a small dog , low on the limbs and with a very elongated body. The tail is quite long set on the whole line of the body. In the terminal part, the tail tilts slightly towards the back, a bit like that of foxes . The coat is short , of medium length and hard to the touch.
For the purpose of recognizing the breed standard, all coat colors except white are fine . The eyes are lively and alert, a little distant from each other and generally dark in color. The ears are well proportioned, broad at the base and very prominent.
Despite its small size, the Corgi is a heavy boned , strong and very muscular dog . His short legs do not prevent him from being fast and resistant to physical exertion. The average height is about 30 cm at the withers with an ideal weight which for males varies from 15 to 19 kilograms.
The strong and vigorous build of the Welsh Corgi Cardigan makes him an active dog and always ready to sprint. Experts believe that in order to bring the breed standard as close as possible , the Corgi’s expression must be fox-like.
Welsh Corgi Cardigan : character
The Corgi is a temperamentally cheerful and likeable dog. It is no coincidence that they are also considered perfect companion dogs for children.
They adapt very well to home life and are always tender and affectionate with all family members. Even in the apartment they prove to be clean, polite and respectful of the spaces of others.
Very intelligent and sensitive, Corgi know how to impose their character on other animals but never lose that calm that distinguishes them.
In fact, they are dogs with great inner balance , predisposed to listening and learning.
Welsh Corgi Cardigan : care and training
The temperament of this breed requires a firm and decisive upbringing . The discipline, especially in the first months of the puppy’s life, must be rigorous and consistent , but must not exceed too severe punishments.
As mentioned, its size and respectful nature make it a perfect companion dog at home that can adapt even in very confined spaces.
It must be kept in mind, however, that as a working dog it has an innate propensity for outdoor life where it finds its outlet in running.
As far as health is concerned , Corgi are generally robust dogs but have their weak point in their backs . It is advisable not to subject them to physical efforts that are too heavy and they need proper physical activity.
Much attention is also paid to parasite attacks that can be fought with frequent and vigorous brushing.