Health of the Abyssinian cat: the list of the most common diseases

What are the most common diseases in the Abyssinian cat? Let’s find out the list of pathologies that most frequently affect this breed.

The cats of this beautiful breed are the result of crossing specimens of different origins: Burmese, Siamese and Russian Blue. These felines are strong, healthy and enjoy good health and excellent life expectancy. However, there are common diseases that tend to affect the Abyssinian cat. What is it? Let’s find out and understand how to identify them in a timely manner.

The most common diseases in the Abyssinian cat

The most common diseases to which the Abyssinian cat is predisposed are hereditary. These pathologies include:

  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Chronic renal failure

Let’s see in detail what these pathologies entail, through which symptoms they manifest themselves and how to treat them.

Progressive retinal atrophy

Progressive retinal atrophy in cats is a common disease in Abyssinian. This pathology affects the cells of the cat’s retina, which are responsible for night and day vision.

Unfortunately, there is currently no cure for progressive retinal atrophy: it is a degenerative disease that leads the animal to blindness around 4 years of age. Timely detection of this pathology, in any case, can help us improve the living conditions of the animal.

Its initial symptoms are:

  • Night blindness
  • Change in eye color
  • Visual disturbances

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Pyruvate Kinase is an enzyme that should be synthesized from red blood cells. A deficiency of this substance occurs when red blood cells fail to synthesize it, due to the reduced duration of their life. Symptoms of this pathology are:

  • Weakness
  • Anemia in cats
  • Pale gums
  • Slimming

One possible treatment is to have blood transfusions. Unfortunately, this is a non-resolving therapy. The only possible cure would be to subject the Abyssinian cat to a bone marrow transplant.

In addition to being a very expensive intervention, however, it is also a decidedly delicate and invasive operation, which could put the animal’s life at risk.


Chronic renal failure is one of the most frequent hereditary diseases in the Abyssinian cat. Although it can arise at any age, it is more frequent in older cats. What are its manifestations?

  • Halitosis
  • Cat vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Weakness
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Increased thirst and increased frequency in urination

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