Diseases of the Balinese cat, the most frequent pathologies that can affect this cat breed. Let’s find out what they can be.
In this article today we are going to discover the diseases of the Balinese cat, the diseases that are most common in this breed, but also the classic ailments that tend to affect all cats.
So if you have decided to adopt a Balinese cat do not miss the next paragraphs, they will be useful for you in the management of your cat.
Common diseases of the Balinese cat
The Balinese is a medium-sized cat, slender and very agile, and although of strong constitution it has in any case a tendency to suffer from specific diseases, which we will now go to see.
Before adopting a Balinese cat, it is advisable, as it is useful, to find out about the health problems that can affect this breed.
All the possible problems that may occur in the course of his life which is quite long, ie on average 15-20 years.
However, as we have previously mentioned, the Balinese cat is not immune to diseases, as well as requiring specific treatments for the body.
Returning to the most common diseases of the Balinese cat, we can summarize them in the following:
- Chronic bronchial disorder or feline asthma : It is a disease that causes inflammation of the respiratory tract and a thickening of the walls of the bronchi. These problems, together with an excessive secretion of mucus, can cause an obstruction of the airways, with consequent breathing difficulties. Feline asthma is a particularly frequent disease in breeds related to the Siamese and if neglected and not treated in time with drugs prescribed only and exclusively by the veterinarian, this disorder can endanger the life of the cat;
- Hypertrophic myocardiopathies: It is a pathology that causes a thickening of the heart muscle. It causes heart failure that generates arrhythmias, or pulmonary edema. In this case it is important to be able to perform a control screening with echocardiography once a year. In order to treat this disease, the vet will prescribe a therapy to improve the condition of the cat;
- Progressive retinal atrophy: It is an ocular pathology, more frequent in dogs but also affects the Balinese cat breed. In Cat’s Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), the cells slowly lose their efficiency causing increasingly severe vision problems up to blindness. The causes can be of different nature: genetic, structural, degenerative, metabolic, toxic, infectious, nutritional or of a tumor nature. Symptoms of PRA in cats are felt at around 4-6 years of age. Diagnosed in time, the vet will only be able to alleviate the symptoms of the disease;
- Strabismus in cats : Congenital strabismus can affect any cat regardless of breed, although it is more common in Siamese and Balinese than in other breeds. In acquired strabismus, if the cat has developed other secondary problems that do not allow it to live a normal life, surgery will be necessary to improve the quality of life of the animal;
- Rrenal amyloidosis: It is an irreversible hereditary disease, it is diagnosed in the animal in the first 5 years of life, when symptoms of severe renal insufficiency appear. Renal amyloidosis is a degenerative disease, characterized by the deposit of protein material, called amyloid (or amyloid substance) in the interstitium, or in the space between cells. This accumulation compromises the functionality of the surrounding tissues and organs, causing inflammation by the immune system, and is due to an “incorrect” degradation by the organism of this material. By affecting different organs, the symptoms are not easy to recognize and with regard to the treatment, the vet will only be able to relieve the inflammation to slow the progress of the disease.
- Feline obesity : To maintain its appearance, elegant, agile and slender, the Balinese cat must keep its diet under control, otherwise nothing more difficult than it can find itself with obesity problems. It will therefore be necessary to minimize the amount of carbohydrates present in his diet and increase the proteins. Furthermore, it will be necessary to encourage him to move and create spaces dedicated purely to him, with an environmental enrichment worthy of his athleticism.
In addition to the diseases previously described, there are other pathologies that can affect all cats, including the Balinese and are:
- Severe diseases: such as FIV, FeLV, toxoplasmosis and heart disease.
- Diseases that affect the skin: stress dermatitis and parasites, but also those caused by allergies and the use of products not suitable for the skin. This is followed by feline acne and eczema, as well as mite mange and ringworm in cats caused by a skin fungus.
- Diseases affecting the eyes: conjunctivitis, the eye is inflamed and closed.
- Cat mouth disease: periodontitis in particular in the elderly and if not treated in time it can be fatal;
- Cat ear diseases : otitis or inflammation of the epithelium that covers the ear canal of the auricle. It occurs mainly in people with low immune defenses;
- Colds : the common cold is a respiratory disease that can be mild and transient;
- Abscess : it is an infection due to deep wounds.